Definition of Dangerous Goods

  • Dangerous Goods are articles or substances which can pose a hazard to health, safety, property, or the environment and which are shown in the list of dangerous goods in the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Regulations.

Shipper’s Responsibilities (vendor)

  • Shipper must comply fully with the Regulations when offering a consignment of dangerous goods to airlines.
    • Shippers offering articles or substances in violation of the Regulation may be in breach of national law and subject to legal penalties.
  • It’s the shipper’s responsibility to ensure all applicable transport requirements are met.

Dangerous Goods Classes

There are nine Dangerous Goods classes.

Dangerous Goods are marked with hazard class by a diamond shape label (Figure 1).

This visual aid allows for a quick identification. Any goods marked / labelled with diamond label is considered Dangerous Goods.

Shipper must be trained & certified to properly handle and complete the Shipper’s Declaration / Dangerous Goods Document. If not, shippers can hire a Dangerous Goods Specialist to act on their behalf in preparing Dangerous Goods for Shipping.

Hazard classes

  • Class 1 Explosive substance and articles
  • Class 2 Gases
  • Class 3 Flammable Liquids
  • Class 4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives
  • Class 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
  • Class 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
  • Class 5.1 Oxidising substances
  • Class 5.2 Organic peroxides
  • Class 6.1 Toxic
  • Class 6.2 Infectious substances
  • Class 7 Radioactive
  • Class 8 Corrosive substances
  • Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles

Figure 1 – Markings

Environmentally Hazardous

The Environmentally Hazardous label is used to enable transporters to identify the contents on the load as dangerous to the environment. This became mandatory on the 1st of January 2010.

Limited Quantity for Air

As well as the sizes mentioned above, limited Quantity warning labels can also be supplied in 100mm x 100mm, on rolls

Resources – Links

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